Three steps have been taken to change the picture in the agricultural sector. Some experts may not be very confident about this, but the positive impact of the completion of this much-needed demand will definitely be seen. Let’s know about these steps and their impact?
Improvement in Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act
With this, farmers can sell their produce where it gets fair and remunerative prices. Four major improvements have been made in this subject. First, till now agricultural products were allowed to be sold only through the local notified market. Now farmers are free to sell crops in any market, market, collection center, warehouse, cold storage, factory etc. This will reduce exploitation of farmers in local mandis and increase the chances of getting a good price for the crops. Now the entire country will be a market for farmers. Second, farmers could sell their crops only through licensed traders in mandis. Now traders outside the mandi system will also be allowed to buy crops.
This will curb the tendency of farmers to exploit the farmers by creating market groups or traders. More number of traders will be able to buy the crops of the farmers, so that there will be competition among them to give good price to the farmer. Thirdly, since the trade of crops outside the market is legitimate, investment in infrastructure related to trade and storage of crops will also increase outside the mandi system. Fourth, now in other states, farmers can avail the economic benefits of demand, supply and prices by forming farmers themselves or farmer producer organizations. The farmers will have the right to sell the crop locally to the merchant from their own farm. This will also save the freight of the farmer to the market till the market.
This step allows the farmer to contract to sell his crop according to fixed standards and fixed price before sowing the crop. This will save the farmers from the risk of not getting the right price when the crop is ready, otherwise they will not have to go anywhere to find the buyer. Farmers can directly contract with wholesalers and retailers, exporters, processing industries etc. to grow crops according to their needs and quality. In this, the rights of the farmers to own the land will be protected and there will be no compulsion to grow the crop against their will. It will also protect the farmer from the risk of crop failure. The farmer can also cultivate high-risk crops at the buyer’s risk.
Essential Commodities Act
With this, all agricultural foods including cereals, edible oils, oilseeds, pulses, potatoes and onions will now be free from control. There will be no stock limit on these items except under special circumstances like national disaster or famine.